Patrón Filter

Filter Pattern

El patrón de filtro o patrón de criterios es un patrón de diseño que permite a los desarrolladores filtrar un conjunto de objetos utilizando diferentes criterios y encadenarlos de forma desacoplada a través de operaciones lógicas. Este tipo de patrón de diseño viene bajo patrón estructural ya que este patrón combina múltiples criterios para obtener un solo criterio.

Implementación

Vamos a crear un objeto Person, una interfaz Criteria y clases concretas implementando esta interfaz para filtrar la lista de objetos Person. CriteriaPatternDemo, nuestra clase de demostración utiliza objetos Criteria para filtrar la Lista de objetos Persona en función de varios criterios y sus combinaciones.

UML Diagram

Paso 1

Crear una clase sobre la que se aplicarán los criterios.

Person.java

public class Person {

   private String name;
   private String gender;
   private String maritalStatus;

   public Person(String name, String gender, String maritalStatus){
      this.name = name;
      this.gender = gender;
      this.maritalStatus = maritalStatus;
   }

   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public String getGender() {
      return gender;
   }
   public String getMaritalStatus() {
      return maritalStatus;
   }
}

Paso 2

Cree una interfaz para Criterios.

Criteria.java

import java.util.List;

public interface Criteria {
   public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons);
}

Paso 3

Cree clases concretas implementando la interfaz Criteria.

CriteriaMale.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CriteriaMale implements Criteria {

   @Override
   public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
      List<Person> malePersons = new ArrayList<Person>();

      for (Person person : persons) {
         if(person.getGender().equalsIgnoreCase("MALE")){
            malePersons.add(person);
         }
      }
      return malePersons;
   }
}

CriteriaFemale.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CriteriaFemale implements Criteria {

   @Override
   public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
      List<Person> femalePersons = new ArrayList<Person>();

      for (Person person : persons) {
         if(person.getGender().equalsIgnoreCase("FEMALE")){
            femalePersons.add(person);
         }
      }
      return femalePersons;
   }
}

CriteriaSingle.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CriteriaSingle implements Criteria {

   @Override
   public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
      List<Person> singlePersons = new ArrayList<Person>();

      for (Person person : persons) {
         if(person.getMaritalStatus().equalsIgnoreCase("SINGLE")){
            singlePersons.add(person);
         }
      }
      return singlePersons;
   }
}

AndCriteria.java

import java.util.List;

public class AndCriteria implements Criteria {

   private Criteria criteria;
   private Criteria otherCriteria;

   public AndCriteria(Criteria criteria, Criteria otherCriteria) {
      this.criteria = criteria;
      this.otherCriteria = otherCriteria;
   }

   @Override
   public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {

      List<Person> firstCriteriaPersons = criteria.meetCriteria(persons);
      return otherCriteria.meetCriteria(firstCriteriaPersons);
   }
}

OrCriteria.java

import java.util.List;

public class OrCriteria implements Criteria {

   private Criteria criteria;
   private Criteria otherCriteria;

   public OrCriteria(Criteria criteria, Criteria otherCriteria) {
      this.criteria = criteria;
      this.otherCriteria = otherCriteria;
   }

   @Override
   public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
      List<Person> firstCriteriaItems = criteria.meetCriteria(persons);
      List<Person> otherCriteriaItems = otherCriteria.meetCriteria(persons);

      for (Person person : otherCriteriaItems) {
         if(!firstCriteriaItems.contains(person)){
            firstCriteriaItems.add(person);
         }
      }
      return firstCriteriaItems;
   }
}

Paso 4

Utilice diferentes Criterios y su combinación para filtrar personas.

CriteriaPatternDemo.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CriteriaPatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      List<Person> persons = new ArrayList<Person>();

      persons.add(new Person("Robert","Male", "Single"));
      persons.add(new Person("John", "Male", "Married"));
      persons.add(new Person("Laura", "Female", "Married"));
      persons.add(new Person("Diana", "Female", "Single"));
      persons.add(new Person("Mike", "Male", "Single"));
      persons.add(new Person("Bobby", "Male", "Single"));

      Criteria male = new CriteriaMale();
      Criteria female = new CriteriaFemale();
      Criteria single = new CriteriaSingle();
      Criteria singleMale = new AndCriteria(single, male);
      Criteria singleOrFemale = new OrCriteria(single, female);

      System.out.println("Males: ");
      printPersons(male.meetCriteria(persons));

      System.out.println("\nFemales: ");
      printPersons(female.meetCriteria(persons));

      System.out.println("\nSingle Males: ");
      printPersons(singleMale.meetCriteria(persons));

      System.out.println("\nSingle Or Females: ");
      printPersons(singleOrFemale.meetCriteria(persons));
   }

   public static void printPersons(List<Person> persons){

      for (Person person : persons) {
         System.out.println("Person : [ Name : " + person.getName() + ", Gender : " + person.getGender() + ", Marital Status : " + person.getMaritalStatus() + " ]");
      }
   }
}

Paso 5

Verifique la salida.

Males:
Person : [ Name : Robert, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : John, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Married ]
Person : [ Name : Mike, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Bobby, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]

Females:
Person : [ Name : Laura, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Married ]
Person : [ Name : Diana, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Single ]

Single Males:
Person : [ Name : Robert, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Mike, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Bobby, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]

Single Or Females:
Person : [ Name : Robert, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Diana, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Mike, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Bobby, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Laura, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Married ]

Puedes revisar el repositorio del Codigo Fuente